Secondo Bloomberg e Reuters il governo italiano starebbe lavorando per mettere insieme una coalizione militare, comprendente forze speciali, per un intervento di stabilizzazione in Libia.
Rome: Italy is drawing up plans to lead a military coalition, including troops and special forces from Britain, France and Germany, which would seek to stabilise Libya but have no combat role, two Italian officials with knowledge of the matter said.
The international force would focus on training and logistical support for the Libyan-armed military and police, the officials said, adding that regional powers including Egypt, Tunisia or Morocco aren't likely to play a role. The Italian contingent would include the Carabinieri military police and special forces, they said. The Italian Defence Ministry declined to comment.
The plan emerged as representatives of the two rival Libyan parliaments and other factions reached an agreement brokered by the United Nations on Thursday to form a new government within 40 days. The administration is expected to appeal for international help to end the turmoil, but not before February at the earliest. Diplomats have said there's no guarantee that a unity government deal will hold up.
Four years after Muammar Gaddafi's fall, Libya is deeply fractured, with a self-declared government in Tripoli and an internationally recognised one in the east – each backed by coalitions of former rebels and militias.
The UN deal calls for a presidential council to lead a unified government, but hardliners in both factions reject it and questions remain about how it will be implemented in a country where rival armed brigades hold the key to power.
Chants of "Libya! Libya!" erupted as representatives from both parliaments signed the accord along with local councils and political parties in the Moroccan coastal town of Skhirat, after more than a year of hard-scrabble negotiations.
"The doors remain wide open to those who are not here today," UN envoy Martin Kobler said at the ceremony, attended by regional foreign ministers. "The signing of the political agreement is only the first step."
The US State Department said Washington was committed to providing the unified government with "full political backing and technical, economic, security and counter-terrorism assistance".
Still, the agreement faces questions from critics about how representative the proposed government will be, how it will set up in Tripoli, and how various armed factions on the ground will react to a new government. Some brand it a UN-imposed deal.
Western officials believe war fatigue, promises of foreign aid, the strain on Libya's oil economy and the common threat of Islamic State will help to build momentum for the national government and bring opponents on board.
It wasn't immediately clear how the Italian-led force would stabilise the war-ravaged country without having a combat role. While non-combatant advisers and small groups of special forces have assisted government and Kurdish forces in reclaiming territory from IS in Iraq, in Libya the challenge will be made that much harder by the differing allegiances of the nation's armed groups, some of whom may not back the UN agreement.
"We need to see whether the armed militias will go along with the deal," Arturo Varvelli, a Libya analyst at the Milan-based Institute for the Study of International Politics, said. "Otherwise we risk adding a third administration, this time a government in exile, to the two rival parliaments. We don't yet have all the pieces of the mosaic."
The coalition of "a few thousand" troops, police and special forces would help counter the advance of IS, even though it won't be involved in the fighting – a condition demanded by Libyan representatives taking part in the UN process, said the officials, who asked not to be identified because the plan isn't public. Italy would play "a guiding role" in the coalition under the auspices of the UN, they said.