Carissimi, vi segnalo un bel report realizzato dallo European Institute for Security Studies: “Energy moves and power shifts: EU foreign policy and global energy security“. Nello studio vengono approfondite le evoluzioni del mercato globale dell’energia e valutale le implicazioni per la sicurezza degli approvvigionamenti dell’Unione Europea.
Scrivono gli autori del rapporto:
For decades, energy geopolitics have been shaped by the conﬂicting interests of lead-ing oil importers, mostly developed democratic countries, and leading exporters, led by the Organisation of Petroleum Exporting Countries (OPEC). This dichotomy is changing: Asian states are becoming more import dependent, and the US more en-ergy independent. This creates new challenges for global energy governance. The EU is beginning to share more dependency concerns with Japan, China and India than with the US. Many of these countries, particularly China, prefer to secure energy sup-plies via state-led mechanisms, relying less on markets than do Western importers. This makes their integration into current energy market governance regimes crucial to avoid zero-sum competition risks.