Il World Economic Forum ha pubblicato il Financial Development Report 2012. La quinta edizione del report nel quale il WEF valuta, tramite un Financial Development Index strutturato su sette “pilastri”, mercati e sistemi finanziari globali.
L’Italia, secondo l’Indice, si colloca al 30esimo posto, in calo di tre posizioni rispetto al 2011. Data l’enorme importanza che la finanza riveste negli assetti strategici internazionali direi che i dati confermano una delle nostre (tante) debolezze strutturali.
Italy’s (30th) three-spot drop in this year’s Index is a result of declines across a number of pillars and subpillars. Specifically, growing financial instability (51st) can be attributed to drops in both the banking system stability (47th) and risk of sovereign debt crisis (46th) subpillars. Moreover, Italy’s weak results in the financial markets (18th) and financial access (33rd) pillars are due to an underperforming equity market (28th) and limited retail access (21st). Additional emphasis should be placed on developing Italy’s institutional environment (32nd), where corporate governance, legal and regulatory issues, and contract enforcement all rank quite low, at 57th, 50th, and 58th, respectively. Italy does have some bright spots, as the country has a highly liberalized financial sector (1st), comparatively robust M&A (21st) and IPO activity (20th), and well-developed foreign exchange (19th) and derivatives (13th) markets.