Mentre continuano i lavori per la messa a punto del nuovo documento “Global Trends 2030” nel blog del National Intelligence Council uno dei direttori di ricerca dello Strategic Futures Group affronta la questione dell’impatto dell’immigrazione sul continente europeo:
The potential for persistent instability in North Africa, the Levant, and South Asia clearly has high stakes for Western Europe, for lots of reasons, but foremost because of the prospect for increased migration from Muslim-majority countries. This trend will likely reshape Western European society and politics.
With low projected economic growth, Western Europe would have many challenges with current levels of immigrant flows and immigrant residents. Assuming that Western European fertility remains at sub-replacement levels, countries can expect to experience a rapid shift in ethnic composition, particularly around urban areas. While Western Europe’s future of demographic aging and declines in its working-age population should enhance immigrants’ job opportunities, labor market and workplace policies could continue to dampen formal-sector job growth. When coupled with job discrimination and educational disadvantage, these factors will confine many immigrants to low-status, low-wage jobs, and result in deepening societal cleavages.[…]
Debates over Muslim-related social policies are almost certain to influence the structure and texture of the European political environment. Even without increased levels of migration, Western Europeans face wrenching tasks of rewriting of social contracts and adaptation of political systems. The presence of large Muslim minorities in Western Europe, as voters and as non-voting residents, will give these tasks a normative dimension that will hard to avoid. It is a massive open question whether Europe’s rich and complex history of reconciling religion and the state will be a net hindrance or a net asset.